• On antique & vintage maps and prints

Antique maps by Jean-Alexandre Buchon from “Les Deux Ameriques” (1825) of the USA, North America & South America

These wonderful, large, hand-coloured maps by Jean Alexandre Buchon show “Les Deux Ameriques” – North and South America – in the early 19th century – then a collection of newly independent states with borders very different to today. The maps also cover Central America and the Caribbean.

At the time of publication, the American West was still wild: the United States consisted of only 24 states; several US state and territory maps show the “Indian frontier”, native American villages, and territories not yet settled by Europeans. Even the established US states had some borders which differ today, for example Maine (Canadian border settled in 1842 by the Webster-Ashburton treaty), Missouri (expanded in 1836 by the Platte purchase); a dispute over the Toledo Strip was resolved after the Michigan-Ohio War in 1836; Boston Corner, formerly part of Massachusetts, was annexed by New York state in 1857The Delaware Wedge was disputed between Delaware, Maryland and Pennsylvania until 1921, and the maps of the District of Colombia & Virginia show the original 100 square miles, before the part of DC south of the Potomac was retroceded to Virginia in 1847.

Latin America, much of which had become independent of Spain & Portugal just a few years earlier, included the short-lived states of “Gran Colombia” (incorporating today’s Ecuador & Venezuela), the Republic of Central America, and a briefly unified HispaniolaArgentina’s territory is shown to include a Pacific seaboard.

All of these maps are available to purchase at the time of writing, although please note that we only have one of each of these scarce items. The text on the maps is in French.

‘Etats-Unis d’Amérique’. USA w/ 24 states + Oregon Territory. BUCHON, 1825 map

This fascinating map shows the United States, which at the date of publication in 1825 consisted of 24 states. Also shown are a number of unincorporated territories including Oregon Territory, Michigan Territory (later the state of Michigan), North West Territory (later Wisconsin Territory), and the Territories of Arkansas and Florida, which had not yet achieved statehood. The south eastern part of what is now the United States and Texas – then part of Mexico – were later incorporated into the U…

GBP 424

USD 649
EUR 577

‘Territoire d’Arkansas’. US Midwest/Gt Plains. Explorers routes. BUCHON 1825 map

At the time of publication, the United States consisted of 24 states and a number of unincorporated and unorganised territories. Marked on the map are the states of Missouri and Illinois, Arkansas and Michigan Territories, and the unorganised territory to the west across the plains states. The area covered by the map includes the present-day US states of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, and part of Texas. The routes of a number of expeditions and ex…

GBP 324

USD 496
EUR 441

‘Principales Montagnes du globe’. World’s highest mountains. BUCHON, 1825 map

This decorative chart reflects the limited state of knowledge of the world’s major mountain ranges, omitting or incorrectly recording the heights of many of the world’s major mountains. It was published before many of the Himalayan peaks had been correctly identified or accurately recorded. The world’s highest peak is shown as being that of Dhawalagiri (Dhaulagiri) at 27,677 feet; the mountain is actually the 7th highest at 26,795 ft. Mount Everest (29,009 ft), K2 and Kanchenjunga are among thos…

GBP 58.99

USD 90
EUR 80

USA territorial development >1825. 24 states 6 territories + DC. BUCHON 1825 map

This fascinating map shows the territorial development of the United States up to 1825. The map states in French that at this time, the United States consisted of “24 states, one District (that of Columbia) and 6 territories (Michigan, Missouri, North-west, Oregon, Florida and Arkansas)”. The map further states that “Florida will probably form a state within one year” – in fact it did not achieve statehood until 1845. The states coloured pink along the Atlantic Seaboard are the 13 original stat…

GBP 324

USD 496
EUR 441

‘Tableau chronologique des États-Unis’. USA historical timeline 1600-1766, 1825

GBP 35.99

USD 55.06
EUR 48.95

‘République Colombienne’. Gran Colombia inc Ecuador Venezuela+. BUCHON, 1825 map

The map shows Gran Colombia, the modern name for the short-lived state that encompassed much of northern South America and Panama from 1819 to 1831. It included the territories of present-day Colombia (‘Cundinamarca’), Venezuela (Venezuela and ‘Guyane Espagnole’ – Spanish Guyana), Ecuador (‘Quito’), Panama, northern Peru, western Guyana and northwest Brazil.

GBP 89

USD 136
EUR 121

‘Floride’. Florida Territory, prior to statehood. BUCHON, 1825 antique map

GBP 249

USD 381
EUR 339

‘Porto-Rico et des Iles-Vierges’. Puerto Rico & Virgin Islands. BUCHON, 1825 map

The islands coloured yellow (principally Puerto Rico and Vieques) were, at the time of publication, Spanish territories. The Danish (now US) Virgin Islands are coloured green, and the British Virgin Islands are coloured pink.

GBP 249

USD 381
EUR 339

‘District de Colombie’. Washington DC. The original 100 sq miles.BUCHON 1825 map

The original 100 square miles of the District of Columbia is shown. The area south of the Potomac, known as Alexandria County, was ceded to Virginia in 1847. It included all of the present Arlington County, Virginia, plus part of what is now the independent city of Alexandria, Virginia.

GBP 224

USD 343
EUR 305

‘Mexique’. Mexico inc Texas, California & western United States. BUCHON 1825 map

GBP 224

USD 343
EUR 305

‘Indes Occidentales’. West Indies. Caribbean. Gran Colombia. BUCHON, 1825 map

The map shows the Caribbean coast of a unified ‘Gran Colombia’ – the short-lived state that at the time of publication included present-day Colombia, Venezuela & Panama. The island of Hispaniola is undivided, having been unified under the Haitian government since 1822, a situation that persisted until only 1844.

GBP 139

USD 213
EUR 189

‘Possessions russes’. Russian America (Alaska). BUCHON, 1825 antique map

The map shows what is now the US state of Alaska as Russian America, as was the case until the Alaska purchase of 1867. The northern part of the western coastline is inaccurate, the northern/arctic coastline is shown as dotted (conjectural).

GBP 274

USD 419
EUR 373

‘Buenos Ayres’. Argentina. Inc Pacific seaboard/Uruguay/Bolivia. BUCHON 1825 map

The map shows the newly independent state of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata (Provincias Unidas del Río de la Plata), which subsequently became modern-day Argentina. The territory shown on the map includes present-day Uruguay, Bolivia, part of Brazil, and a seaboard on the Pacific Ocean approximating to Chile’s present day Antofagasta province. In 1821, the eastern Province of the Río de la Plata (present-day Uruguay), had been annexed by Brazil under the name of Província Cisplatina (ma…

GBP 114

USD 174
EUR 155

Missouri state map. Borders <1837 Platte Purchase. Indian frontier. BUCHON 1825

The map shows the state with its borders prior to the 1836 Platte Purchase, which added land to the northwest corner of the state purchased from the native tribes, making the Missouri River the border north of the Kansas River.

GBP 224

USD 343
EUR 305

‘L’Amérique Septentrionale’. North America. Russian Alaska. BUCHON, 1825 map

The map shows Mexico with its borders prior to the Mexican-American war, with its territory including Texas and much of what is now the south- western part of the United States. Alaska is shown as Russian America, as was the case until the Alaska purchase of 1867. The border between the United States and British North America (now Canada) follows the Columbia River to the Pacific – later amended by the Oregon Treaty.

GBP 179

USD 274
EUR 243

‘Guatimala’. República Federal de Centroamérica/Central America. BUCHON 1825 map

The Federal Republic of Central America (República Federal de Centroamérica), also initially referred to as the ‘United Provinces of Central America’, was a short-lived sovereign state consisting of the territories of the former Captaincy General of Guatemala of New Spain. It existed between 1821 and 1841. It is sometimes referred to in English as the ‘United States of Central America’. It consisted of the present-day nations of Guatemala itself, plus El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras and Costa R…

GBP 129

USD 197
EUR 175

Illinois state map. Shows Indian frontiers & settlements. BUCHON, 1825

Chicago is marked on the map.

GBP 224

USD 343
EUR 305

Guadeloupe Marie-Galante Îles des Saintes. Antilles françaises. BUCHON, 1825 map

GBP 104

USD 159
EUR 141

‘Géorgie’. Georgia antique state map. Ft Jackson Treaty concessions. BUCHON 1825

The map shows the Native American Indian lands ceded to the United States in the Treaty of Fort Jackson, which had been signed in 1814, ending the Creek War

GBP 224

USD 343
EUR 305

‘Brésil’. Brazil. BUCHON, 1825 antique map

Borders with neighbouring countries differ significantly from present-day boundaries

GBP 89

USD 136
EUR 121

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