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Works of Byron with a Life and Illustrative Notes
by William Anderson, Esq.
Published by A. Fullarton and co. - c.1850
This Page is provided as a REFERENCE RESOURCE - it is NOT an Inventory.
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A Brief Outline of the Life of Byron
LORD GEORGE GORDON NOEL BYRON (1788-1824) 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale, Lancashire, England. He was Lord Alfred Baron Tennyson's poetical idol. Although he was a bit of a tyrant, he was highly revered and is remembered today with great respect.
Byron was known as George Gordon as a child and his mother Catherine Gordon, took him to Aberdeen, Scotland to live. He was lame due to the club-foot that he was born with and his nurse, when he was nine allegedly encouraged physical affection in him which was to shape his attitude towards women later in life.
When he was ten years old, Byron inherited his Great-Uncle's estates and title and he then moved to England with his mother, to Newstead Abbey. They lived in these ruins that had been bestowed upon the Byron family by Henry VIII, for a while. He was educated privately in Nottingham and later studied in a school in Dulwich and then to Harrow before entering Trinity College, Cambridge. His early life was plagued with trouble, with the anger of his mother, the love he held for his distant cousin Mary Chatworth and the trouble he had with medical treatment for his club foot.
After spending a term at Trinity College, he moved to London only to fritter away his fortune, which left him deeply in debt. This encouraged Byron to gather his poetry together in order to have it published and he returned to Trinity College to complete his studies. Later he took his seat in the House of Lords in January, 1809 and began to publish some of his satirical work anonymously.
He travelled widely throughout his life, mainly with a friend he met at Cambridge, John Cam Hobhouse. At first they visited Malta via Spain and Gibraltar, here, Byron met a married woman that he fell in love with, however he left her behind with her husband and continued to travel with Hobhouse to Janina, Greece. Whilst based at Janina, Byron travelled to Albania in order to visit Ali Pasa. He spent a lot of time with Percy Bysshe Shelley who helped him out when he was at his lowest and lived near the Shelley family in more than one location. He also lived with Leigh Hunt (Hunt and his family occupied the bottom floor of his home in Pisa, Italy.) who originally sought the help of Shelley and Byron for his new periodical The Liberal, for which Byron contributed some of his work. Later, after an argument with his publisher John Murray Byron gave his other work to Hunt for The Liberal.
Byron was definatley a 'ladies man' and had great trouble with his conscience as a result. It was this guilt that encouraged him to get married to Annabella Milbanke, January 2nd 1815, however this wasn't to last and only one year later, soon after their daughter Augusta Ada was born, they were legally separated and Byron moved permanently abroad. (Augusta Ada Byron was one of the pioneers of computer programming having inherited her mother's affinity for mathematics.)
Whilst in Italy, he was yet again to fall in love with a married woman the Countess Teresa Guicciolo, who became the true love of his life. They spent a great deal of time together with Teresa staying with Byron until her husband sent for her. Byron then followed her and became her gentleman-in-waiting, he also became friends with her father and brother and visited with her on a daily basis.
Byron was still in need of exonerating himself in the eyes of his compatriots and took a great interest in the Greek war of independence from the Turks. He even went so far as to furnish a private army and to donate £4,000 to prepare the Greeks for sea. It was while he was fighting for this cause that he died of exposure and a fever.
SOME INTERESTING LINKS TO SITES ABOUT THE LIFE AND WORK OF BYRON
Byron's Friends, Family and Lovers (Portrait
The Life of Lord Byron
The Lord Byron Gallery
Some Interesting background information about the Illustrators.
The Illustrators of this book are of a very high Quality, therefore the work they produced is of an extremely high standard. Many of them were patronized by Royalty and Nobility, this shows that the high regard for the life and work of Byron was so prolific that he deserved to have his journeys depicted by artists of such a high calibre. After all he was hero-worshiped by many but none more so than Lord Alfred Baron Tennyson. Please find below, a list of the illustrations of Byron's residences and journeys, with links to scanned images.
J. M. W. TURNER R.A. (1775 - 1851) was primarily an artist, whose work was issued in printed book form in order to reach a wider audience. His work in this case was conforming to the requirements of topographical illustrating, lacking his characteristic embellishments to such work. He has even drawn figures in the foreground of some of these prints, which is unusual as he tended to leave figures out making the foreground interesting with alternative images.
WILLIAM PAGE (1794 - 1872) was a topographer and landscape painter. In 1812-13 he attended the Royal Academy schools and in 1818-24 he travelled in Greece and Asia Minor. He was a proficient figure painter and his depiction of buildings was accurate.
Other than this work, Page's illustrations can also be found in Finden's Landscape illustrations to the Bible, 1836.
WILLIAM PURSER (c1790 - 1852) was a topographical draughtsman as well as an architect. He was born in Christ Church, Surrey, England to an architect. In 1807 he attended the Royal Academy schools. He undertook major architectural work in Greece and Italy in 1817-20. He also might have visited India on his travels.
Purser's illustrations can also be found in Fisher's Scrapbook, 1834.
GEORGE CATTERMOLE (1800 - 1868) was a romantic illustrator and watercolourist. He was born in Norfolk, England. He began his career as an architectural draughtsman, later moving to illustrating historical events which involved more figure work. His forte became 17th century swash-buckling, he depicted sieges and duels surrounded by an accurate environment. His sense of history enabled him to depict costume with great accuracy and his artistic tendencies drove him to continue work on the drawings for illustration by re-working them as watercolours. Cattermole was a good friend of Charles Dickens and produced illustrations for some of Dickens' writings. Although Cattermole refused a knighthood he was frequently received commissions from Queen Victoria. Later in life he attempted to work with oils, however, he was unsuccessful in this. He died at the age of 67/8 in London, England.
Cattermoles work has been published extensively and can be found in various works namely: English Cathedrals, 1832-36; Poetical and Prose of Sir W. Scott and Landscape Illustrations of the Works of Sir W. Scott, 1833; The Old Curiosity Shop and Barnaby Ridge in Dickens' Master Humphrey's Clock, 1841; Roscoe's North wales, 1836; Cattermole's Historical Annual: The Great Civil War, 1841-45; Cattermole's Portfolio, 1845 and Heath's Gallery, 1836-38.
JAMES DUFFIELD HARDING (1797 - 1863) was a topographer, watercolourist, teacher and lithographer. He was born in Deptford, England. He studied with Samuel Prout and the engraver Charles Pye. Harding preferred drawing to engraving and worked as a landscape artist from an early age, exhibiting at the Royal Academy at the tender age of 13/14 years. He was an extremely talented lithographer and produced folios of works by Stanfield, Roberts and Bonington, for Hullmandel. He travelled to Italy, Normandy and the Rhine in the 1820s, 30s and 40s producing books of his excursions and also issued copy-books for amateur artists. Harding was admired by John Ruskin, his drawing pupil.
Harding's work can also be found in the following publications: Lithographic Drawing Book, 1832; Art, or The Use of The Lead Pencil, 1834; Principles and Practices of Art, 1845; Lessons on Trees, 1852; Scotland Delineated, 1858; Views in Spain, 1824; Britton's Cathedrals, 1832-6; Sketches at Home and Abroad, 1836 and The Book of South Wales, 1861.
SAMUEL PROUT (1783 - 1852) was a drawing master, topographical illustrator and watercolourist. He was born on 17th December in Norfolk, England and studied under the master of the Plymouth Grammar School, J. Bidlake. He was not always able to produce work to the high standards required by publishers such as John Britton. In 1796 Britton employed Prout to tour Cornwall in order to sketch views for his series of Beauties of England & Wales after having seen the sketches of Devonshire that Prout produced whilst touring with the historical painter, B. R. Haydon. These sketches of Cornwall were unsuccessful and it wasn't until 1802 that his work had improved to a satisfactory standard and he was re-employed by Britton.
Prout's work was considered to be exceptional, he depicted Gothic architecture with great precision. He was also able to show the mood of the buildings contrasted with highlights of figures which, for a generation, was widely copied. This was mainly due to Ruskin's report on him in Modern Painters, which described Prout as a substantial and sunny colourist.
Prout was ill continually, however, he still managed to finish work on Wiltshire, Essex and Cambridgeshire for John Britton. It wasn't until 1819, after he became a member of the Old Watecolour Society (OWS), that prout first travelled to the Continent visiting France. He then went on to travel widely in Europe visiting Bavaria, Italy, The Rhine and Belgium in 1824. His last tour was to Normandy in 1846 after which, he became extremely ill and was unable to work from that time until his death in February 1852.
WILLIAM WESTALL A.R.A. (1781 - 1850) was a topographical illustrator. He was born in Hertford, England and was the younger brother of Richard Westall. The two brothers studied together at the Royal Academy schools and William was selected by Benjamin West to join, as artist, the Flinders excursion to Australia. He stopped in India and China (1803/4) on his return and later visited Jamaica and Madeira (c.1808).
Westall's work can also be found in the following publications: Views of Scenery in Madeira, at the Cape, in India and China, 1811; views of Australian Scenery, 1814; Views of the Yorkshire Caves, 1818; Victories of the Duke of Wellington, 1819; Britannia Delineata, 1822; Scenery, Costumes and Architecture of India, 1826-30; Picturesque Tour of the River Thames, 1828; Ackerman's History of Rugby School, 1816; Ackerman's Repository, 1825; Illustrations of Warwickshire, 1829; Great Britain Illustrated, 1830 and Landscape Album, 1832.
GILBERT STUART NEWTON R.A. (1795 - 1835) was an illustrator and painter. Born in Halifax, Nova Scottia, he commenced his studies at a young age with his uncle, the American portrait painter Gilbert Stuart. He travelled to Italy in 1817 and later he stayed in Paris before settling in London. He studied at the Royal Academy schools where he concentrated on painting. As a painter Newton was successful in depicting both scenes from history and ordinary life. He was commissioned by the sixth Duke of Bedford. He began to suffer with insanity in 1833, a year after he was elected R.A.
Newton's illustrations can also be found in: The Literary Souvenir, 1826.
DAVID ROBERTS R.A. (1796 - 1864) was an architectural and landscape painter. He was born on the 2nd October, 1796, in Stockbridge, Edinburgh. He began his career as an apprentice house painter, and continued by painting scenes in theatres in Edinburgh, Carlisle and Glasgow. He then moved to London, painting scenes in Drury Lane. It was there that he met Clarkson Stanfield and formed a life-long friendship with him. (Stanfield also submitted work for this publication, however this is all the information we have about him.) Whatever Roberts undertook was successful, he became Vice-President of the SBA when it was founded in 1823-4 and in 1830, he became President. His travels of the Continent began in the 1820s. He visited Spain and Tangier on Wilke's recommendation in 1832-3; in 1838 he visited Egypt and Palestine and in 1851 and 1853 he visited Italy. As a draughtsman, Roberts was extremely accurate with a good sense of the atmosphere of the places he depicted. He had a love of architecture which, combined with his sense of atmosphere, made his views of the Middle East the standard of fashion in the early victorian era. The monuments and temples he depicted were brought to life for the first time by himself and Louis Haghe. In 1838, Roberts was elected ARA, and in 1841 he became RA. He acted as a commissioner for the Great Exhibition. He died whilst still working on a series of views of the Thames at the age of 68, on November 25th, 1864.
Roberts' work can also be found in: Picturesque Views in Spain during the Years 1832 and 1833; Views in the Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Egypt, Nubia, 1842-9; Jenning's Landscape Annual, 1835-8; The Chaplet, c.1840; Scotland Delineated, c.1845 and Lockhart's Spanish Ballads.
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ROBERT BATTY (1789 - 1848) was an illustrator and topographer. His father was a surgeon, educated at Cambridge, and was also a landscape painter. In 1813, Batty joined the Grenadier Guards and served at Waterloo and the Peninsular War, being wounded at the former. He then continued his life travelling, and published illustrated books of his travels. In May 1977, some sixty plus of Batty's original drawings were sold for £40,000.
Batty's work can also be found in the following publications: A Sketch of the Late Campaign in the Netherlands, 1815; An Historical Sketch of the Campaign of 1815, 1820; Campaign of the Left Wing of the Allied Army..., 1823; Welsh Scenery, 1823; German Scenery, 1823; Scenery of the Rhine, Belgium and Holland, 1826; Hanoverian and Saxon Scenery, 1829; Six Views of Brussels, 1830; A Family Tour Through South Holland, 1831; Select Views of the Principal Cities of Europe, 1832 and The Mutiny and Piratical Seizure of H.M.S. Bounty, 1876.
EDMUND THOMAS PARRIS (1793 - 1873) was a portrait painter. On June 3rd, 1793, he was born in London and began to study at the Royal Academy Schools at the age of 23 years. From 1824-29, he work in Regent's Park at Horner's Colosseum. Later, in 1838, he became Historical Painter for Queen Adelaide and his restorations of the Paintings of St. Paul's Cathedral by Thornhill were too sentimental and unsympathetic. His pleasant washes were better suited to album illustration. On November 17th, 1873, Parris died in his birthplace, London.
Other examples of Parris' work can be found in the following publications: Flowers of Loveliness, 1836; Confessions of an Elderly Gentleman, 1836 and Confessions of and Elderly Lady, 1838.
THIS IS A
LIST OF THE VIEWS.
Click any underlined text to view the scanned image.
VILLENEUVE: Title Page.
GREECE ATHENS: Fransican Convent. Byron's residence in 1811.
GREECE ATHENS: Temple of Jupiter Olympus.
GREECE ATHENS: The Temple of Theseus.
GREECE CAPE COLONNA: Boats. Ships.
GREECE CAPE COLONNS: Temple of Minerva.
GREECE CEPHALONIA: Engraved general view.
GREECE MISSOLONGHI: Boats. Figures.
GREECE SALAMIS: Good general view of the Gulf. Figures.
GREECE The ROCKS OF SULI: Figures.
ITALY ANCONA: Fullarton/Prout. Many figures.
ITALY ARQUA: Engraving of Plutarch's House.
ITALY BOLOGNA: Charming steel Elegant figures.
ITALY DIODATI: Byron's residence.
ITALY LICENZA: Figures. Sheep. 'from the pot where formerly stood Horace's Villa'. Near Tivoli
ITALY PISA: Campo Santo. Several figures.
ITALY RAVENNA: Dante's home. Many figures.
ITALY VENICE: The Lido. Ships. Boats.
ITALY VERONA: Many figures.
MALTA: Fullarton/J. M. W. Turner. Boats. Ships.
PORTUGAL CINTRA: Engraved general view.
PORTUGAL CORK CONVENT near CINTRA:
PORTUGAL LISBON: From Fort Almada.
PORTUGAL MAFRA: Figures.
SPAIN CADIZ: Many boats.
SPAIN SEVILLE: The Giralda. Many figures.
SWISS GENEVA: Engraved general view.
SWISS GRINDENWALD: Engraved general view.
SWISS INTERLAKEN: Boats. Figures.
SWISS LAUSANNE: Good vignette view on Title Page.
TURKEY CONSTANTINOPLE: From Pera.
TURKEY CONSTANTINOPLE: St. Sophia.
NOTTS NEWSTEAD ABBEY: Lake. Boats. Steel
SCOTLAND ABERDEEN: Engraved street scene.
SCOTLAND LACHIN-Y-GAIR: Deer grazing.
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