Antique maps of historic Mississippi.
REFERENCE PAGE is designed to provide no more than a 'glimpse' of
the history of the State,
with a couple of examples of antiquarian maps and engravings and some interesting Links.
This Page is provided as a REFERENCE
RESOURCE - it is NOT an Inventory.
Genuine original antiquarian maps and authentic historical engravings, printed at the dates stated.
We do NOT deal in modern reproductions.
We supply genuine
historical maps and prints by mail order - all are eminently suitable for framing and
are offered On Approval, which
GUARANTEES YOUR ENTIRE SATISFACTION!
Look us over, but don't overlook us !
STATE OF MISSISSIPPI
The article below was written in 1885 and makes interesting reading.
Topography: The extreme length of Mississippi north and south is 332 miles; extreme breadth, 189 miles; average breadth, 142 miles; area, 46,810 square miles, or 29,958,400 acres.
The surface is undulating, with an elevation in the north and northeast of from 400 to 700 feet, some of the hills rising 200 to 300 feet above the adjoining country, and has a general slope south and southwest. In the north, from Vicksburg to the Tennessee border, is the Mississippi bottom, a low, flat, swampy country, though extremely fertile.
The central and southern divisions are generally hilly, with an average elevation of from 100 to 200 feet above sea level. There are extensive marshes in the extreme south. The actual coast line on the Gulf of Mexico is about ninety miles, but owing to irregularities the measurement is almost doubled.
There are harbors at Biloxi, Mississippi City, and on the Bay of St. Louis, but the depth of water is not great. Cat and Ship Islands, and some half a dozen other small, sandy islands lie about ten miles off the coast.
The drainage of the State is by the Mississippi and its tributaries, the Big Black, Yazoo and Bayou Pierre; and by the Pearl and Pascagoula rivers, directly into the Gulf. The Tennessee forms a part of the boundary in the northeast, and the Tombigbee rises in the same section and flows into Alabama.
Climate: The climate is very mild, and snow and ice are unknown.
The summers are long and hot, July and August being the warmest months, and having a mean temperature of 82º to 85º Fahrenheit. The mean temperature of the year is from 65º to 66º Fahrenheit; and the rainfall varies from forty-five to forty-eight inches in the north, and from fifty-five to sixty inches yearly on the Gulf coast.
The higher lands are healthy enough, but along the rivers malarial diseases are frequent, and occasionally assume an epidemic character, resulting in great loss of life.
History: Mississippi was first traversed by De Soto in 1542, and was seen by LaSalle 140 years later, when he descended the river. The first settlement was made in 1699, when M. de Iberville erected a fort at Biloxi.
This entire region was known as Louisiana, the name being given in honor of Louis. XIV. In 1703 settlements were made on the Yazoo, and the population gradually increased until the Indian war of 1728, when all the whites were murdered by the confederate tribes.
In 1733 there was another war with the Chickasaws, which ended in their defeat. In 1763 nearly all the territory east of the Mississippi was transferred to England, while Spain, a few years later, became the owner of the French possessions west of that stream, as well as of the Gulf coast to the Florida line.
After the Revolution the Territory of Mississippi was organized out of lands claimed by Georgia. In 1802 Georgia ceded to the United States her lands south of the Tennessee line, which were annexed to Mississippi Territory. In 1811 the United States wrested from Spain its possessions on the Gulf coast and added them to Mississippi, which then included the present State and Alabama. A State constitution was adopted in 1817, and the boundaries were fixed as they now exist, Alabama being formed into a separate Territory.
Mississippi was admitted into the Union Dec. 10, 1817, being the seventh State to come in under the Federal constitution. The capital was located at Jackson in 1822, previous meetings of the legislature having been held at Washington, Columbia and Natchez. The infant Territory responded promptly to Gen. Jackson's call for troops in 1814, and the State filled its quota when volunteers were called for during the Mexican war.
In 1860 the population had reached nearly 800,000, the slaves largely outnumbering the whites. The State was among the first to adopt an ordinance of secession, and to ratify the Confederate constitution. On Dec. 31, 1861, the Federal troops captured Biloxi, on the Gulf of Mexico, and in the following spring Corinth was taken. Oct. 3 and 4 the Confederates attempted to recapture Corinth, but were repulsed with heavy loss.
The operations which resulted in the surrender of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863, were among the, most important of the war, and practically ended all operations in that State, subsequent events being only of minor importance. The city, which stands upon high bluff, was strongly fortified during the first year of the war, and commanded the navigation of the Mississippi, which Farragut's victory at New Orleans had cleared to Port Hudson.
An attempt was made in May, 1862, to procure its surrender. The State was not readmitted to representation in Congress until 1870. In August, 1865, the constitution was amended by abolishing slavery, and the ordinance of secession was repealed. A new constitution was adopted in 1869, which was amended in 1877.
The fourteenth and fifteenth amendments to the Federal constitution were ratified in 1870.
Population: Census of 1880: Males, 567,177; Females, 564,420; Native, 1,122,388; Foreign, 9,209; White, 479,398; Colored, 682,199, including 51 Chinese and 1,857 Indiana and Half-breeds.
ANTIQUARIAN MAPS OF MISSISSIPPI
Published by Rand, McNally - 1885
Click on image to view a larger version
Published by Letts - 1880s
Click on image to view a larger version
OTHER POSTAPRINT US STATES FEATURE PAGES
Mississippi State Home Page
Contributions and suggestions for additional links would be most welcome.
Before I retired,
Postaprint supplied picture framers and antiquarian map & print dealers
for over 25 years. The inventory
encompassed examples of the
cartographer's art from the 16th to the 19th century, along with
topographical engravings, lithographs and etchings by
leading artists of their generation. You can Search
my wife's eBay Store Database for historic maps,
views, and engravings on virtually every subject,
including Vanity Fair (Spy) Cartoons. All our offers are genuine
old and historical items on a wide range of subjects.
All are suitable for framing by Art Galleries, Shops and Fine Art Retailers.
Do visit my wife's eBay Store
SOME GIFT IDEAS FROM JULIE
DO VISIT MY EBAY SHOP FOR UNUSUAL IDEAS FOR PRESENTS
Perhaps a map or print of somewhere important in someone's life. For example, where they were born, got married, went on honeymoon etc. I do have a wide selection of topographical views and historical maps.
America's, UK, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, The World, Etc.
...Or do a search for their last name, you will be surprised what you might discover!
JULIE'S ANTIQUE PRINTS
You will find a nice range of antique prints, engravings, maps and books.
EMAIL ENQUIRIES SITE INDEX
Specialist mail order suppliers of collectible historical antique maps and engravings.