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Santhal Rebellion

The Santhal rebellion (sometimes referred to as the Sonthal rebellion) was a native rebellion in what is now Jharkhand, in eastern India against both the British colonial authority and the upper caste zamindari system by the Santal people. It lasted from July 1855 to May 1856 before being defeated by troops loyal to the British Raj.

Background of the rebellion

The insurrection of the Santals was a reaction to practices of usury, moneylending, and the zamindari system, and to claims on their land from the British, from local upper caste landlords and zamindars in the tribal belt of what was then known as the Bengal Presidency. Before the advent of the British in India, Santals engaged in an agrarian way of life in the hilly districts of Cuttack, Dhalbhum, Manbhum, Barabhum, Chhotanagpur, Palamau, Hazaribagh, Midnapur, Bankura and Birbhum.

The Santal rebellion

On 30 June 1855, two Santal rebel leaders, Sidhu and Kanhu Murmu, mobilized ten thousand Santals and declared a rebellion against British colonists. After some initial Santals success using guerilla tactics the rebellion was ultimately put down by the British.

(Source Wikipedia)