Antiqua Print Gallery War of the Pacific
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War of the Pacific

The War of the Pacific, occurring from 1879-1884, was a conflict between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru. Also known as the "Saltpeter War," the war arose from disputes over the control of territory that contained substantial mineral-rich deposits. After an illegal Bolivian tax increase and later confiscation of Chilean property, Chile responded with the occupation of Bolivian territory. The war officially began on 1879, after the Bolivian declaration of war and the activation of the casus foederis of the treaty between Peru and Bolivia. The conclusion of the conflict ultimately led to the Chilean acquisition of the Peruvian territories of Tarapaca and Arica, as well as the disputed Bolivian department of Litoral, leaving Bolivia as a landlocked country.

(Source Wikipedia)