Antiqua Print Gallery Austro-Prussian War
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Austro-Prussian War

The Austro-Prussian War (in Germany known as Deutscher Krieg ("German War"); or Seven Weeks War, the Unification War or the German Civil War) was a war fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and its German allies on one side and the Kingdom of Prussia with its German allies and Italy on the other, that resulted in Prussian dominance over the German states. In Germany and Austria, it is also the Österreichisch-preussischer Krieg (Austro-Prussian War) or Bruderkrieg (war of brothers). In the Italian unification process, this is called the Third Independence War.
The major result of the war was a shift in power among the German states away from Austrian and towards Prussian hegemony, and impetus towards the unification of all of the northern German states in a Kleindeutschland that excluded Austria. It saw the abolition of the old German Confederation and its partial replacement by a North German Confederation that excluded Austria and the South German states. The war also resulted in the Italian annexation of the Austrian province of Venetia.

The Quadrilateral

The Quadrilatero (English: Quadrilateral) is the traditional name of a defensive system of the Austrian Empire in the Lombardy-Venetia, which connected the fortresses of Peschiera, Mantua, Legnago and Verona between the Mincio, the Po and Adige Rivers. Starting from c. 1850, supplies and reinforcements were shipped to the positions through the new Venice-Milan railroad.
The experience of the Second Italian Independence War of 1859, in which rifled guns had been used for the first time by the Italian Army, pushed the Austrians to build a second line of 8 forts, at c. 4 kilometers from the main line (completed in the Spring of 1866), pivoting around Verona.

(Source Wikipedia)