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Crimean War

The Crimean War, also known in Russia as the Oriental War (Russian: Vostochnaya Voina) (October 1853–February 1856) was fought between the Russian Empire on one side and an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Kingdom of Sardinia, and the Ottoman Empire on the other. The war was part of a long-running contest between the major European powers for influence over territories of the declining Ottoman Empire. Most of the conflict took place on the Crimean Peninsula, with additional actions occurring in western Turkey and the Baltic Sea region.
The Crimean War is sometimes considered to be the first "modern" conflict and "introduced technical changes which affected the future course of warfare".

Major events of the War

Some action also took place on the Russian Pacific coast, Asia Minor, the Baltic and White Seas.
The roots of the war lay in the existing rivalry between the British and the Russians in other areas such as Afghanistan (The Great Game). Conflicts over control of holy places in Jerusalem led to aggressive actions in the Balkans, and around the Dardanelles.

Major battles


Destruction of the Ottoman Fleet at Sinop - 30 November 1853


The Siege of Petropavlovsk - 30-31 August 1854, on the Pacific coast


The Battle of Alma - 20 September 1854


Siege of Sevastopol (also known as "Sebastopol") - 25 September 1854 to 8 September 1855


The Battle of Balaclava - 25 October 1854 (see also Charge of the Light Brigade)


The Battle of Inkerman - 5 November 1854


Battle of Eupatoria, 17 February 1855


Battle of Chernaya River (aka "Traktir Bridge") - 25 August 1855


Anglo-French naval campaign in the Sea of Azoff (Azov), May to November 1855


Siege of Kars, June to 28 November 1855

It was the first war where the electric telegraph started to have a significant effect, with the first 'live' war reporting to The Times by William Howard Russell. Indeed, some credit Russell with prompting the resignation of the sitting British government through his reporting of the lacklustre shape of the British forces deployed to the Crimea. Additionally, the telegraph reduced the independence of British overseas possessions from their commanders in London due to such rapid communications. Newspaper readership informed public opinion in the United Kingdom and France as never before. It was the first European war to be photographed.
Florence Nightingale and Mary Seacole came to prominence for their contributions in the field of nursing.

(Source Wikipedia)