JAPAN Port of Hiogo Tsuwa Nada antique print 1868
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Home > Prints and Maps by Country > Asia > Japan

JAPAN: Port of Hiogo, Tsuwa Nada, antique print, 1868

Price: £11.99

CAPTION BELOW PICTURE: 'The port of Hiogo, in the Tsuwa Nada, Japan, lately opened to British Vessels '


Treaties of Amity and Commerce
Following the nomination of Townsend Harris as U.S. Consul in 1856 and two years of negotiation, the "Treaty of Amity and Commerce" was signed in 1858 and put into application from mid-1859. In a major diplomatic coup, Harris had abundantly pointed out the aggressive colonialism of France and Great Britain against China in the current Second Opium War (18561860), suggesting that these countries would not hesitate to go to war against Japan as well, and that the United States offered a peaceful alternative.

The most important points of the Treaty were:
exchange of diplomatic agents.
Edo, Kobe, Nagasaki, Niigata, and Yokohamas opening to foreign trade as ports.
ability of United States citizens to live and trade at will in those ports (only opium trade was prohibited).
a system of extraterritoriality that provided for the subjugation of foreign residents to the laws of their own consular courts instead of the Japanese law system.

fixed low import-export duties, subject to international control
ability for Japan to purchase American shipping and weapons (three American steamships were delivered to Japan in 1862).
Japan was also forced to apply any further conditions granted to other foreign nations in the future to the United States, under the "most favoured nation" provision. Soon several foreign nations followed suit and obtained treaties with Japan (the Ansei Five-Power Treaties, with the United States (Harris Treaty) on July 29, 1858, Dutch (Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the Netherlands and Japan) on August 18, Russia (Treaty of Amity and Commerce between Russia and Japan) August 19, UK (Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce) on August 26, and France (Treaty of Amity and Commerce between France and Japan) on October 9).
Trading houses were quickly set up in the open ports.

(Source Wikipedia)

Notes on the historical context / background to the print can be viewed at: Treaties of Amity and Commerce

DATE PRINTED: 1868    

IMAGE SIZE: Approx 8.5 x 23.5cm, 3.25 x 9.25 inches (Small)

TYPE: Antique wood engraved print

CONDITION: Good; suitable for framing. However, please note: The image shown may have been scanned from a different example of this print than that which is offered for sale: The print you will receive is in Good condition but there may be minor variations in the condition compared to that shown in the image. Please check the scan for any blemishes prior to making your purchase. Virtually all antiquarian maps and prints are subject to some normal aging due to use and time which is not obtrusive unless otherwise stated. We offer a no questions asked return policy.

AUTHENTICITY: This is an authentic historic print, published at the date stated above. It is not a modern copy.

VERSO: There are images and/or text printed on the reverse side of the picture. In some cases this may be visible on the picture itself (please check the scan prior to your purchase) or around the margin of the picture.

ARTIST/CARTOGRAPHER/ENGRAVER: Unsigned

PROVENANCE: Illustrated London News



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JAPAN: Port of Hiogo, Tsuwa Nada, antique print, 1868
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