FRANCE The conferences at Paris-Hotel of the Minister for Foreign Affairs 1856
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Home > Prints and Maps by Country > Europe > France | Gaul

FRANCE: The conferences at Paris-Hotel of the Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1856

Price: £4.99

CAPTION BELOW PICTURE: 'The conferences at Paris - Hotel of the Minister for Foreign Affairs'

The Congress of Paris took place in 1856 for the purpose of making peace after the almost three year Crimean War. The Congress of Paris was a peace Conference held in Paris, France, between representatives of the great powers in Europe, which at the time were: France, Great Britain, the Ottoman Empire (known today as Turkey), Sardinia, Russia, Austria, and Prussia. They assembled soon after February 1, 1856, when Russia accepted the first set of peace terms after Austria threatened to enter the war on the side of the Allies. The Congress of Paris worked out the final terms from February 25th through March 30th. The Treaty of Paris (1856) was then signed on March 30th 1856 with Russia on one side and France, Great Britain, Ottoman Turkey, and Sardinia-Piedmont on the other. The group of men negotiated at the Quai dOrsay. One of the representatives who attended the Congress of Paris on behalf of the Ottoman Empire was A'ali Pasha, who was the grand vizier of the Empire. Another person who attended the Congress of Paris, on behalf of Russia, was Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov. He became Foreign Minister and Chancellor under Tsar Alexander II. By being part of the Congress of Paris, he was able to remove and dismiss some of the more disliked terms. Later he helped in the removal of the ban on Warships in the Black Sea. France sent their Ambassador at the time who was Earl Cowley. While other congresses, such as the Congress of Vienna, spread questions and issues for different committees to resolve, the Congress of Paris resolved everything in one group.
A significant diplomatic victory was scored by tiny Piedmont who, although not being yet considered a "great" European power, was nevertheless granted a seat at the Congress by the French Emperor Napoleon III mostly for having sent an expeditionary corps of 18,000 men to fight against Russia along with France and Prussia, but some say thanks to the intrigues of the very attractive Countess of Castiglione, who had caught the Emperor's attention. The Piedmontese foreign minister Camillo Benso di Cavour seized this opportunity to denounce Austrian political and military interference in the Italian peninsula stifling the wish of the Italian people to choose their own government.

Result
The congress resulted in a pledge by all of the powers to jointly maintain "the integrity of the Ottoman Empire". They also guaranteed
Turkeys independence. Also as a result of the conference Russia gave up the left bank of the mouth of the Danube River, including part of Bessarabia to Moldavia and gave up its claim to the special protection of Christians in the Ottoman Empire. Also Moldavia and Wallachia (which together later became Romania in 1858) along with Serbia were recognized as quasi-independent self-governing principalities under protection of the other European Powers. The sultan of Turkey agreed to in return, help improve the status of the Christian subjects in his empire. The territories of Russia and Turkey were restored to their prewar boundaries. The Black Sea was neutralized so therefore, no warships were allowed to enter; however, it was open to all other nations. It also opened the Danube River for shipping from all nations. Some of the rules and agreements that the congress came up with were altered 22 years later by the Congress of Berlin.

(Source Wikipedia)

Notes on the historical context / background to the print can be viewed at: Congress of Paris 1856

DATE PRINTED: 1856    

IMAGE SIZE: Approx 18.0 x 23.0cm, 7 x 9 inches (Medium)

TYPE: Antique wood engraved print

CONDITION: Fair: Spotting; Blemishes. Red price stamp in one corner of the print; The image shown may have been scanned from a different example of this print than that which is offered for sale: Any flaws described in this statement may not be visible on the scan but will be present on the print you receive. Please note any other blemishes on the scan prior to purchasing this picture. This print has been scanned in black and white, however any foxing or spotting highlighted in this statement may appear brown on the actual print. Virtually all antiquarian maps and prints are subject to some normal aging due to use and time which is not obtrusive unless otherwise stated. We offer a no questions asked return policy.

AUTHENTICITY: This is an authentic historic print, published at the date stated above. It is not a modern copy.

VERSO: There are images and/or text printed on the reverse side of the picture. In some cases this may be visible on the picture itself (please check the scan prior to your purchase) or around the margin of the picture.

ARTIST/CARTOGRAPHER/ENGRAVER: Unsigned

PROVENANCE: Illustrated London News



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FRANCE: The conferences at Paris-Hotel of the Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1856
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