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Ogilby, John

John Ogilby (also Ogelby, Oglivie; 1600-1676) was a Scottish translator, impresario, publisher and cartographer. Following the Great Fire of 1666, Ogilby's large-scale map of the City of London was founded on precise survey work. He is perhaps best known for the decorative road strip maps published in Britannia (1675), the first road atlas of England and Wales to be based on surveys and measurements, and drawn to scale; in consequence it has been said of him "Ogibly, from introducing roads into maps, made maps of little else but roads " (Richard Gough). Ogilby played a significant part in arrangements for the coronation of King Charles II, and was subsequently appointed Cosmographer to the King in 1671. He was mentioned frequently in the diary of Robert Hooke.