TAXIS London Hackney Carriage Act 1853 The Aristocratic Cabman print 1853
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Home > Prints and Maps by Subject > Trades & Professions > Transport

TAXIS: London Hackney Carriage Act 1853: The Aristocratic Cabman, print, 1853

Price: £9.99

CAPTION BELOW PICTURE: 'The Aristocratic Cabman, who "never heard of a Gent wishing to rise in a 'Hansom' for sixpence a mile. The thing can't be done."'

London Hackney Carriage Licencing
Hackney coaches plying for hire in London, Westminster and the surrounding areas were first required to be licensed in 1662. A licence cost £5 a year. From 1662, the minimum size of horse was specified, and from 1679, conditions of fitness were laid down by the Hackney Coach Commissioners regulating the size and construction of the coaches. In 1694 an Act of Parliament made the Hackney Coach Commissioners permanent and established the Hackney Coach Office. This and the Commissioners were abolished by the London Hackney Carriage Act of 1831. Previous limitations on the numbers of hackney carriages in London were removed. Licences for hackney carriages operating within a five mile radius of the General Post Office were in future to be issued by the Board of Stamps, which did not, however, inherit the regulatory powers enjoyed by the Hackney Coach Commissioners. In 1838 the Home Secretary was empowered to appoint a Registrar of Metropolitan Public Carriages who licensed hackney carriage drivers and conductors. The office of Registrar was abolished in 1850 and his responsibilities transferred to the Metropolitan Police. Jurisdiction over hackney carriage proprietors had remained with the Board of Stamps, then from 1849 with the Board of Inland Revenue, who issued hackney carriage licences. From 1853 proprietors had to produce certificates to show that their carriages had been inspected and approved by the Metropolitan Police. The Metropolitan Public Carriages Act of 1869 transferred responsibility for licensing hackney carriages to the Home Secretary who delegated it to the Commissioner of Police. The Public Carriage Office was established to deal with this work. From 1843 the area of jurisdiction over hackney carriages had been extended to the Metropolitan Police District and the City of London. The first petrol driven cab was licensed in 1903 and by 1914 the horsedrawn hansom cab was rapidly disappearing. In 1906 the Public Carriage Office drew up Conditions of Fitness for Motor Hackney Carriages which required amongst other regulations that vehicles should be capable of being turned within a 25 feet circle.

(Source City of London)

Notes on the historical context / background to the print can be viewed at: London Hackney Carriage Act 1853

DATE PRINTED: 1853    

IMAGE SIZE: Approx 8.0 x 12.0cm, 3 x 4.5 inches (Small)

TYPE: Antique wood engraved print

CONDITION: Good; suitable for framing. However, please note: Verso text quite apparent; The image shown may have been scanned from a different example of this print than that which is offered for sale: The print you will receive is in Good condition but there may be minor variations in the condition compared to that shown in the image. Please check the scan for any blemishes prior to making your purchase. Virtually all antiquarian maps and prints are subject to some normal aging due to use and time which is not obtrusive unless otherwise stated. We offer a no questions asked return policy.

AUTHENTICITY: This is an authentic historic print, published at the date stated above. It is not a modern copy.

VERSO: There are images and/or text printed on the reverse side of the picture. In some cases this may be visible on the picture itself (please check the scan prior to your purchase) or around the margin of the picture.


PROVENANCE: Illustrated London News

TAXIS: London Hackney Carriage Act 1853: The Aristocratic Cabman, print, 1853
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