TRIESTE Funeral procession Don Carlos cath St Just Spain antique print 1855
Enter your email details
view cart
Items: 0 Total: £0.00
Australian DollarEuroPound SterlingUS Dollar


 Phone +44-208-960-3476
 Mobile +44-7973-156514


10% off orders of 4 or more items

We will apply a 10% discount when you purchase at least 4 items.
Home > Prints and Maps by Country > Europe > Spain

TRIESTE: Funeral procession Don Carlos cath. St Just. Spain, antique print, 1855

Price: £12.99

CAPTION BELOW PICTURE: 'Funeral procession of Don Carlos to the Cathedral of St Just, at Trieste'

Infante Carlos, Count of Molina
The Infante Carlos of Spain (29 March 1788 10 March 1855) was the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma. As Carlos V he was the first of the Carlist claimants to the throne of Spain. He is often referred to simply as 'Don Carlos', but should not be confused with Carlos, son of King Philip II of Spain, after whom Verdi's opera is named.

Early life
Carlos was born on March 29, 1788, at the Palacio Real de Aranjuez in Aranjuez Madrid. In 1808, Napoleon captured Madrid in the Battle of Somosierra, and induced Carlos's father Charles IV and Carlos' older brother Ferdinand VII to renounce their rights to the throne of Spain. But Carlos who was heir presumptive to his brother refused to renounce his rights to the throne, which he considered to have been given to him by God. From 1808 until 1814 he and his brothers were prisoners of Napoleon at Valençay in France.
In 1814 Carlos and the rest of the Spanish royal family returned to Madrid. In September 1816 he married his niece Infanta Maria Francisca of Portugal (18001834), daughter of King John VI of Portugal and Carlos' sister Carlota Joaquina. Francisca was also sister of the second wife of Carlos' brother Ferdinand VII. The couple had three sons:

Infante Carlos, Count of Montemolin (18181861), known as Count of Montemolin

Juan, Count of Montizón (18221887), known as Count of Montizón

Fernando (18241861)
During the revolutionary troubles of 18201823 (the "liberal triennium") Carlos was threatened by the extreme radicals, but no attack was made on him. While there were certain conservatives in Spain who wanted to put Carlos on the throne immediately, Carlos himself was a firm believer in the legitimate succession and would never have taken up arms against his brother.

Pragmatic Sanction of 1830
In May 1830 Ferdinand VII published the Pragmatic Sanction, allowing daughters to succeed to the Spanish throne as well as sons. This decree had originally been approved by the Cortes in 1789, but it had never been officially promulgated. On October 10, 1830, Ferdinand's wife gave birth to a daughter Isabella, who thereupon displaced her uncle in the line of succession.
The clerical party (called in Spanish 'apostólicos') continued to support the rights of Carlos to the throne. They considered the Pragmatic Sanction not only impractical but also illegal. They intrigued in favour of Carlos, but he himself would do no more than assert his rights in words. His wife and her sister, Maria Teresa (17931874), the princess of Beira, on the other hand, were actively engaged in intrigues with the apostólicos.
In March 1833 Ferdinand 'authorised' Carlos to go to Portugal with his wife and sister-in-law. The 'authorisation' was in fact an order to remove Carlos from Spain and his adherents.
In April 1833 Ferdinand called upon Carlos to take an oath of allegiance to Isabella as Princess of Asturias, the title traditionally used by the heir to the throne. In respectful but firm terms, Carlos refused. He had no personal desire for the throne, but he was adamant that he could not renounce what he considered to be his God-given rights and responsibilities.

Ferdinand VII died September 29, 1833. In Madrid his wife Cristina declared herself regent for her daughter Isabella. On October 1, Carlos issued a manifesto declaring his own accession to the throne as 'Charles V'. He informed the members of Cristina's government that they were confirmed in their posts, and proceeded to the Portuguese-Spanish border. There he was met by forces loyal to Cristina and Isabella who threatened to arrest him. Carlos remained in Portugal which itself was in a state of civil war between the adherents of Carlos' nephew and brother-in-law Miguel and his grand-niece, Miguel's niece Maria II. In Spain there were various risings which developed into the First Carlist War.
When the Miguelite party was finally beaten in Portugal in 1834, Carlos escaped to England where the government offered to grant him an annual pension of 30,000 pounds if he would renounce his claims and never return to Spain or Portugal. Carlos refused absolutely. In July he passed over to France, where he was actively aided by the legitimist party. He soon joined his adherents at Elizondo in the western Pyrenees of Spain. In October 1834 his sister-in-law Cristina issued a decree depriving him of his rights as an Infante of Spain; this was confirmed by the Cortes in 1837.
Carlos remained in Spain for five years. During these years he accompanied his armies, without displaying any of the qualities of a general or even much personal courage. But he endured a good deal of hardship, and was often compelled to take to hiding in the hills. On these occasions he was often carried over difficult places on the back of a stout guide commonly known as the "royal jackass" (burro real).
The semblance of a court which Carlos maintained was torn by incessant personal intrigues. While some of his adherents supported him because they believed in his hereditary rights to the throne, others were more concerned to promote the special privileges of the Basque provinces. There were ongoing conflicts between Carlos' military staff and the clergy who exercised significant influence over him.
In the first few years of the war, there were several moments when victory was within Carlos' grasp. The last of these was the so-called Royal Expedition of the summer of 1837 when Carlos himself accompanied his army from Navarre to the outskirts of Madrid. Carlos hoped to enter the city without any significant bloodshed, but when it became clear that only a battle would win the city, Carlos vacillated. After several days Carlos himself decided to withdraw; his army melted away and was reduced to a third of its former strength.
His first wife having died in England in 1834, Carlos married her elder sister, his own niece Maria Teresa of Portugal, Princess of Beira, in Biscay in October 1837.
In June 1838 Carlos appointed Rafael Maroto as his commander-in-chief. In February 1839 Maroto had four Carlist generals shot and issued a proclamation criticizing Carlos' court. When Carlos removed him from office, Maroto marched to Tolosa where Carlos was living and made him a virtual prisoner. Maroto was re-appointed commander-in-chief, and his opponents in Carlos' court were dismissed. Maroto then began private negotiations with Cristina's commander-in-chief, and in August 1839 abandoned Carlos completely.

Final Exile
In September 1839 Carlos left Spain for France where he was briefly imprisoned. For almost another year, however, some of his commanders continued to fight on his behalf especially in Catalonia. But by July 1840 almost all resistance was concluded.
In May 1845 Carlos abdicated his rights to the throne of Spain in favor of his eldest son Carlos Luis. Subsequently he used the title 'count of Molina'. On March 10, 1855, he died at Trieste where he is buried in the chapel of Saint Charles Borromeo in the Basilica di San Giusto.
In midst of the first Carlist War, on 15 January 1837 the Cortes passed a law, ratified by royal decree of Regent María Cristina, which excluded Don Carlos and several his named allies from the succession to the Spanish crown and declared them stripped from their Spanish titles. These were: Carlos himself, and his descent, and his ally and future wife Teresa of Portugal, Teresa's son Sebastian (18111875), and Carlos's nephew Miguel I of Portugal (18021866), the other absolutist rival monarch in another country. This was grounded on them being "rebels".

(Source Wikipedia)

Notes on the historical context / background to the print can be viewed at: Infante Carlos, Count of Molina

DATE PRINTED: 1855    

IMAGE SIZE: Approx 14.0 x 23.0cm, 5.5 x 9 inches (Medium)

TYPE: Antique wood engraved print

CONDITION: Good; suitable for framing. However, please note: Tight right margin; Spot in margin; The image shown may have been scanned from a different example of this print than that which is offered for sale: The print you will receive is in Good condition but there may be minor variations in the condition compared to that shown in the image. Please check the scan for any blemishes prior to making your purchase. This print has been scanned in black and white, however any foxing or spotting highlighted in this statement may appear brown on the actual print. Virtually all antiquarian maps and prints are subject to some normal aging due to use and time which is not obtrusive unless otherwise stated. We offer a no questions asked return policy.

AUTHENTICITY: This is an authentic historic print, published at the date stated above. It is not a modern copy.

VERSO: There are images and/or text printed on the reverse side of the picture. In some cases this may be visible on the picture itself (please check the scan prior to your purchase) or around the margin of the picture.


PROVENANCE: Illustrated London News

TRIESTE: Funeral procession Don Carlos cath. St Just. Spain, antique print, 1855
Click on main image to enlarge.
Click on any lower images to alternate.